Rodent Patrol…..Are your woody plants protected for winter?

Yes fall is here, early. And if you haven’t already, its time to start your rodent management program.


Vole damage on magnolia (J. Llewellyn)

The meadow vole, how can something so tiny do so much damage? (John White

In Ontario we are blessed with several different species of herbivores that love to chow down on our ornamental woody plants.This past winter we had unprecedented levels of feeding injury on our landscape plants and nursery stock. They travel in tunnels under the snow or in ground covers and feed on the bark and cambium of several tree and shrub species.  The longer the winter, the more damage they can do.  I have personally noticed that the vole population was a lot higher this summer. Autumn is the time of year when they breed heavily in expectation of the significant seed source that can be found.


A home-made bait station that allows mice and voles in, but not unintentional foragers like dogs and cats. (J. Llewellyn)

By putting out bait in nursery production areas in September, you can help prevent populations from getting out of control. Place bait stations in areas known to be infested such as grassy fence rows, weedy patches and walkways between containers and polyhouse frames. Try to have about 10 bait stations per acre of production area. Remember to rotate zinc phosphide baits with other baits (e.g. bromidialone, brodifacaum, defethalone) since the voles will become bait shy with repeated use of zinc phosphide. Where large areas of field production exist, broadcast application of baits may give some control where tunnels and past damage are evident.

Rodent bait stations will also help keep local populations down in the landscape, but to be sure, protective tree guards should be placed around young trees (diameter less than 15 cm).  You can either use traditional coiled tree guards or corrugated drainage pipe.  Be sure that the tree guard extends at least 75 cm above the stem. For areas that receive a lot of snow, you might want to make that 100 cm.  Mulching around the outside of the tree guard may also keep herbivores from getting in under the tree guard.

“Big-O” corrugated drainage tile modified as a tree guard.



About Jen Llewellyn

OMAFRA Nursery and Landscape Specialist @onnurserycrops
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